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Mermaid musculature by empyrean Mermaid musculature by empyrean
Anterior, lateral, and posterior view of the musculature of a supposed mermaid which possesses cetacean traits instead of the traditional piscine.
Revised 2011-02-16 to correct overall form of gluteus, taking a more logical approach to vertebral attachment points.
Revised 2013-06-28 to extend and bulk-up lower extremity of tail and reduce size of flukes.
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DarkWarriorPincess Featured By Owner Jul 25, 2015   Artist
Amazing anatomy you've done here!
KellyRBullock Featured By Owner Mar 16, 2015  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
ShootingStar2300 Featured By Owner Feb 28, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
So I am working on a story with mermaids and I am drawing my characters. I have worked on some anatomy as in organs for them but I wanted to know if I could get your permission to use this as reference. I wont be drawing the muscular anatomy but it would help me a lot. Great work on this I love it and the skeletal anatomy too.
empyrean Featured By Owner Mar 1, 2015  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You are certainly welcome and encouraged to use this and the skeleton as reference for your own drawings!
ShootingStar2300 Featured By Owner Mar 25, 2015  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks. I actually just posted mine and this helped me a lot.
FairyofThunder22 Featured By Owner Nov 7, 2014
Pretty well done.
blazi76 Featured By Owner Jun 6, 2014  Professional Digital Artist
I've never seen anything like that. brilliant!  :clap:
nataliespasic Featured By Owner Dec 9, 2013  Professional Digital Artist
This is really neat
Breathoutofme Featured By Owner May 12, 2013
that is so cool :D
KylaBosch Featured By Owner Apr 7, 2013  Hobbyist Writer
Holy wow I really love how much thought and detail you put into this! Honestly its like something you'd see in a medical school book lovely job!
AmericanCryptid Featured By Owner Jan 27, 2013  Hobbyist Photographer
Love the artistic rendering of the muscular structure.
clorofilo Featured By Owner Dec 15, 2012
My mind is naturally happy with this wonderful natural fish-woman.
Domnics Featured By Owner Jul 11, 2012  Student General Artist
This is so very interesting! I just wish there was a book sort of like this.. you know, with the anatomy of mythical creatures.. I would definitely buy it.
comicscomixcomikz Featured By Owner Jun 19, 2012  Hobbyist Artist
Awesome anatomy drawing! WOW! Seriously, WOW!
RyuukaTamura Featured By Owner Apr 1, 2012  Student Filmographer
...Is that a vagina?
empyrean Featured By Owner Apr 2, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Long answer: while the internal structure known as the 'vagina' is not visible in this diagram, the ligaments and tissues underlying and comprising the genital slit and surrounding area are.

Short answer: basically, yeah.
artemismoonguardian Featured By Owner May 17, 2012
What about a merman anatomy makeup? Would it be similar?
empyrean Featured By Owner May 18, 2012  Hobbyist Digital Artist
Shoulder-waist-hip ratios would be different, but the general layout of the musculature would likely be similar across the genders. Individual variance would be more significant.
artemismoonguardian Featured By Owner May 18, 2012
So the ratios would be different for the males but their muscle structure is pretty much similar.
RyuukaTamura Featured By Owner Apr 2, 2012  Student Filmographer
Whoa, I didn't actually expect a reply. Now I feel kinda awkward.
I mean, I can't exactly say "vulva" or something, because it's comprised of skin, which is the organ you don't have shown in this picture, and I don't even know if dolphin genitalia is supposed to be called a vulva anyway.

The reason I asked was because this was featured on a blog about anatomy of mythological creatures, and in the comments one person observed that none of the diagrams showed any reproductive organs, so that made me start paying extra close attention to each one, which led me to notice that yours had a slit in the general area. I've been pondering this question for a long time before finally finding the original picture on your deviantart, so thank you very much for replying.

IzBeEz Featured By Owner Jan 19, 2012
Smnt2000 Featured By Owner Feb 16, 2011  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Absolutely amazing
MDPerry Featured By Owner Feb 6, 2011  Hobbyist General Artist
Thanks for posting this superb piece! I've never seen such a unique and intricate study--a presentation of a fantasy (so we hear...) creature approached with believable, scientific realism. A brilliant idea well executed.
sirenabonita Featured By Owner Jan 24, 2011
you know, it was always one of my goals to make a skeleton and muscle chart; although my theory of mermaid evolution always involved mer-knees, and tendon fusion, this will do nicely

thanks, now i can just enjoy yours and forget about doing one myself :lol:

RavinWood Featured By Owner Nov 22, 2010
inpresive. i love what u did with the legs. what id sugest thoe is to chang up the head a bit. it would seem that it should point up. if there lower body is tat evalved for water id do some with the uper body as well. i did see u got rid of the external part of the ear and that was good. id thing the sholders would be closer in on the body. all n all i think this is awsome.
Psyartista9 Featured By Owner Oct 24, 2010  Student General Artist
:iconfantasticplz: [ insert original remark of amazement here because I'm too speechless to think of one ]
Moot1212 Featured By Owner Sep 22, 2010  Hobbyist Writer
YES! Thank you!
NoYouHaha Featured By Owner Jul 19, 2010
this is a superb piece of fine instructions
nicely done
SilverGryphon8 Featured By Owner Jun 10, 2010
Well, a cetacean-like orientation of the muscles would make more sense, since the traditional mermaid swims by flexing its tail in a ventral-dorsal direction rather than sideways.

Very cool! I like the vestigial flippers.
JMarcDodsonJr Featured By Owner Jun 1, 2010  Student Digital Artist
Wow, what wonderful attention to detail and technique! Awesome!
ilikeshinyobjects Featured By Owner Mar 18, 2010  Hobbyist General Artist
O_O Whoa...
KRG1 Featured By Owner Feb 13, 2010
well done. were the flippers necessary?
aque-mizuhara Featured By Owner Jan 25, 2010
This is so going to help with my mermaid anatomy idea... Great job!
allison712 Featured By Owner Nov 1, 2009  Hobbyist Digital Artist
You've been featured! :iconbonklers: [link]
MensjeDeZeemeermin Featured By Owner Sep 13, 2009
Very, very impressive. Creepy, but truly superior thought and execution of interesting, informed ideas.
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Submitted on
September 12, 2009
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